Mint engraver Christian Gobrecht spent many years modifying Robert Scot's Matron Head Large Cent design. It is generally accepted that the changes made in 1839 warrant the designation of a new type, the Braided Hair Large Cent. The obverse features the bust of Lady Liberty, with braided hair. She is wearing a head band bearing the inscription LIBERTY and is surrounded by 13 stars with the date appearing below her. The reverse features the denomination ONE CENT within a wreath and surrounded by the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
This design remained in production until 1857 when the price of copper became so high that the cost of creating large cents exceeded their face value. As a result, on February 21, 1857, the Mint passed legislation providing for the creation of small cents, putting an end to the production of large cents.